Surrogacy could be the ideal way to have a child with blood relations. Surrogacy can well be the answer for those seeking an option for renting a womb that can well fit within their budgets. As a matter of fact, surrogacy can be a great gift for infertile and childless couple in order to fulfill their desire to become parents. However, there are certain things that you must not do when planning a surrogacy arrangement.
Never Avoid Legal Issues
A surrogacy arrangement usually needs legal information as the laws related to assisted reproduction might differ from one state to another and country to country. It is significant that every party involved in such an arrangement includes a clear understanding of all the risks involved with such arrangements. You must not avoid seeking legal advices. If you are in doubt about anything related to the process then you consider seeking independent legal advice.
Never Disrespect emotional Issues
Psychological counseling is a must. It’s a right step to discuss whether surrogacy is right for you and if you can actually do surrogacy. It is a difficult decision to allow a child for you. There are women you require a surrogate mother, however they will try to control each and every aspect of the life of a surrogate and this is what causes the conflicts between them. You must seriously consider all these factors and discuss the options with your counselor.
Never try to control a surrogate’s life
It’s a common issue and most women who require a surrogate mother often try to control the life of a surrogate in every respect. This is what causes major conflicts between the two. You must consider child free living seriously and go for a consultation with your counselor.
Never avoid general guidance
If you are considering international surrogacy then you must know that international surrogacy is somewhat a complex area. The method and process involved for getting the child back to your country can be complicated and long and might take several months to complete the whole procedure. If you are considering surrogacy in India, you must get to know the documents that are set out based on the procedures and requirements.
Be Open for suggestions. Never compromise on surrogacy arrangements
While there are specific clinics and hospitals that deal with surrogacy, the office of the high commission in the foreign country can offer a general list of clinics and hospitals in different regions. So, you must be open for suggestions.
Never avoid Parental rights
In some cases, the Home office needs a parental order to register the child as the citizen of the country. It is parental order which transfers the legal rights to you as the intended parents. You must be open to such general guidance and further information. You must refer any queries about the parental orders to your home office.
Never avoid the Contract
It is the contract which is considered as the very first commitment that you might make. It is a wordy and long contract which you can expect. However, it is significant that you read out the details and understand what you are actually committing to.
Never avoid communicating with others
Speak up and talk to others who have already been through surrogacy and never hesitate to contact your lawyer or surrogacy agent if you have any queries.
Never avoid Insurance agreements
There are many other agreements as well as contracts that you will need to sign during the procedure. There can be agreements in relation to insurance. All of these are especially important.
Finding the surrogacy match can be the emotional and exciting time for the intended parents. Hence, meeting the surrogate for very first time provides an opportunity to get to know one another and ultimately agree to work with one another. Finding out a surrogate might take anywhere between one month to eight months time. The match meeting is convened to screen the surrogate for the intended parents.
by Ravi Sharma
Though our society has come a long way in terms of modernity but childlessness is still a taboo. Childless couple, especially the woman, is subjected to endless questions, jibes about why they can’t have a child.
Childlessness can be caused by many reasons. Some women today are remaining childless by choice and some by fate. Nonetheless, it can cause a lot of strain in one’s relationship. Endless queries from friends as well as from strangers can cause a lot of stress between partners. Moreover, a child can help you in feeling complete – rejuvenating love in a relation. Deciding to have a child through egg donation is a bold decision but it can still give you the feeling of motherhood.
What is egg donation?
Egg donation is when a woman donates an ovum (or several ova) for research or assisted reproduction. Egg donation has been recognized by American Society of Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) as a part of ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology). Thus, it has also passed some instructions for the same.
The socio-psychological effects of egg donation
Egg donation however is not as easy as it sounds. It affects the donor, the recipient and as well as the people around them. Whether you decide to become an egg donor yourself or are preparing to accept one you need to fully understand the implications of the process.
When a lot of egg donors are motivated by altruistic cause a large section is also motivated by monetary factors. If you have plans to receive an egg through egg donation program you need to be aware of the motivational factor of the donor.
What does it involve to be an egg donor?
Egg donation is a prolonged and grueling process. Every donor undergoes several layers of screening before becoming qualified as an egg donor. The screening process involves both medical and psychological evaluation.
To become an egg donor you need to make more than a few visits to the clinic. Moreover, the medical tests would involve both physical and gynecological. Further tests are conducted for:
• Family history
• Blood test
• Urine tests
• Psychological evaluation
The drugs given to the donor are same as in-vitro fertilization (IVF) to arouse the ovary to generate as many eggs as possible at a time. While you are under treatment you have to make several visits to the clinic. USG may be performed on you to determine the appropriate time for egg recovery. Retrieving eggs from the ovary would involve a simple surgical process and the donor can go home after two or three hours of recovery time.
Recognition of the egg donor
Egg donors are giving hopes to childless couples. Once the egg is retrieved it is the fertilized in the lab with the sperm of the intended father. When the embryo is formed it is then placed in the uterus of the recipient. The recipient becomes the biological and legal mother. But it is never easy for a woman to give up all legal and biological claims on a child that is genetically hers. Yet many women are donating eggs to bring smile on the lips of childless couples.
Surrogacy is the last option for infertile couples. India, since 2002, developed into the surrogacy destination of the world. Recent events however threaten this unregulated industry as a whole, the livelihood of thousands of surrogate mothers and the last hope of intending parents. A misplaced moralistic bias of the western media and a knee-jerk reaction by the government has thrown the entire industry in disarray. Our Consultant Editor, Ratan Mani Lal, explains the complexities...
Having a child’s of one’s own is the most basic and overpowering desire of most individuals. This desire is universal regardless of race and community and has its roots in the very reason for human existence.
Imagine the darkness in the lives of those who for some reason – biological or otherwise – cannot have children of their own through their partner. The trauma can be killing and in pages of history there are countless tales when actually lives have been lost and people have been killed on this account.
But what if there is a possibility of a man - or a woman – to have a child of his/her own genetic make-up with the help of someone who could carry the child for the entire period of pregnancy and till childbirth, of course at a consideration?
The question has churned the minds of many a writer and at the base of many a work of fiction. But today, the practice of women carrying someone else’s child for the full term of confinement has become a booming industry with many cities in India having gained prominence only because of such clinics. According to a 2012 study by the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), the sector is worth $2 billion, despite being completely unregulated. The CII study estimated that nearly 10,000 foreign couples visit India for reproductive services in over 3,000 fertility clinics across India. And nearly 30% of all such visitors are either single or homosexual. However, the actual economic scale of surrogacy in India remains unknown because of the absence of a machinery to regulate it. Surrogacy costs in India range from Rs 8 lakh to Rs 10 lakh, or about USD 15,000. In the US, it would cost at least $80,000, the biggest expenses being living costs for the surrogate mother, insurance and legal fees.
Surrogacy has not only arrived in India but arrived and established itself in a big way with big bucks at stake. And with this growth has come the clamour to regulate the industry with the help of a statute Bill has gained. A draft Bill in this regard is under consideration of the Government.
If Government sources are to be believed, the law should be such that surrogacy should be an option available only to married, infertile couples of Indian origin. This leaves out foreigners, who account for 40 per cent of the surrogacy clientele, as well as gay or unmarried couples. This hyper-activism on the part of the Health Ministry to put regulatory measures on surrogacy appears misdirected, say IVF experts. Revised visa requirements introduced in July have already resulted in foreign same-sex couples and individuals being prohibited from surrogacy in India. The ART bill, expected to come before Parliament next year, will tighten things further.
Some feel this knee-jerk reaction by the government will cause more damage than good. There is a widespread belief that the government is responding to a biased western media and certain vested interests. The problem is that western morality is clashing with Indian realities.
This is not to say that there is no need for regulation. Commercial surrogacy has acquired the dimensions of an industry in India and draws thousands of foreigners every year, largely because it is unregulated and cheaper than in other countries. However, success stories from centres in Gujarat, Maharashtra or even Kolkata are accompanied by harrowing stories of exploitation from elsewhere. In many cases, it is found that surrogate mothers, mostly poor and illiterate, are often made to live in secrecy, crowded into closely guarded "homes” and allowed limited access to their families. In a country with high maternal mortality rates and few reproductive rights, surrogate mothers are doubly vulnerable. However, the fact that this industry is a foreign exchange earner and gives direct and indirect jobs (and means of sustenance) to hundreds of thousands of people, has evoked strong reactions with some organizations issuing a note of caution condemning surrogacy as such and urging people to go natural. On the other end is the group of women’s rights activists who strongly feel that surrogacy is an attack on women’s rights, and this commercialization hurts the rights of women to their bodies.
The debate rages on, and in its midst, hundreds of hopefuls from all over the world flock to fertility clinics in cities across India in search of surrogate women who will carry the child and deliver it to the paying parents. Experts who run surrogacy clinics reiterate that surrogacy in India is only available to women who cannot physically carry a child. It is not available to women who are too busy or too posh to push. "Such comments disappoint and upset those who would have given anything to be able to carry a child and often come to India with many losses and many more hopes,” says Dr Nayna Patel of Anand, who runs Akanksha, the biggest such set-up in India in Anand, Gujarat.
In fact Dr Nayana Patel can be credited for giving India the tag of the world’s surrogacy capital because of the fact that many hopefuls from across the globe have travelled to her clinic in Anand and gone back happy and ever-grateful with their own child in their arms. She shot to fame in 2004 after she helped a patient have a baby by using the woman’s mother (the child’s grandmother) as a surrogate. She has also appeared on U.S. celebrity Oprah Winfrey’s talk show in 2007. She has produced more than 500 surrogate babies - two-thirds of them for foreigners and people of Indian origin living in over 30 countries.
According to Vidhi Rathee, who wrote in Indiamedicaltimes.com, a health care specialization portal, a recent survey reveals that poverty is not the force behind choosing to be a surrogate mother as most of them and their husbands were already earning modest income. She says that in fact the main reason was that surrogacy gives the surrogate mothers an opportunity to invest in something that was not possible with what they were earning. The prime reasons for the surrogate mothers to sign in for surrogacy could be like paying off a loan, getting better housing facility, providing better education for their children and health treatment of their family members.
This particular survey was conducted by Fertility Care India (FCI), an Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Bank; New Life Fertility Clinic India – ART Bank in New Delhi; ANA Med ART Bank, New Delhi and Amma NGO / Kiran Infertility Centre, Hyderabad on 174 surrogate mothers from all over India. Through answers to pointed questions, the survey sought to know the responses to issues like the reasons to enrol to be a surrogate mother, problems the surrogate mothers faced from families, where would they put in the money received after the surrogacy completion and what emotional and other changes do they go through during the whole contract period.
According to Dr Samit Sekhar of Kiran Infertility Centre, since the issue of surrogacy has always been shrouded by various concerns, "the survey gives it an all new dimension by bringing forward views of the surrogate mothers, their experiences and bursts the popular myth that they are coerced in any form or manner.”
Dr Shivani Sachdev Gour, founder and director, Surrogacy Centre India (SCI) Healthcare, New Delhi, says that many myths continue to prevail about surrogacy and surrogate mothers partly because of the lack of authentic publications and data on this topic.
The survey, according to Saurabh Kumar, founder of FCI ART Bank and Sonia Arora, director of New Life India, is the largest of its kind in India and the first where they and their friends have written down answers themselves.
Says Dr Shivani Gour said, "Our surrogate mothers are generous women and deserve to be treated with great respect. In a country where infertility is a curse and where women need to be financially secured and empowered surrogacy is a boon for them and for the infertile couples and single parents who experience the joys of parenthood.”
Dr Gour says it appears as if there are "unknown reasons” to remove India from the world map of surrogacy benefits because of "vested interests”. If there are laws that restrict the extent of surrogacy benefits or bar people from abroad on some pretext or the other from deriving surrogacy benefits, the entire medical tourist traffic that comes to India for this purpose may be diverted to other countries such as Thailand or Philippines.
"The surrogate mothers need to be viewed with an open mind. You can close the windows and darken your room or you can open the windows and let the light in. It is a matter of choice,” says Atahar from ANA Med ART Bank.
Dr Sudhir Ajja, Founder-Director of Surrogacy India, a private firm that offers surrogacy assistance to couples, says, "It is extremely surprising that Director General of Health Services has proposed an amendment that foreigners should not be allowed. I fail to understand why we are going backwards. The Supreme Court has said commercial surrogacy is a legal industry. Supreme Court has decriminalised homosexuality. Supreme Court has said that live-in relationships are legal. Why anyone would want to ban foreigners or unmarried couples?”
Here it needs to be noted that India is one of the few countries where commercial surrogacy is legal. India opened up to commercial surrogacy in 2002. Surrogacy is illegal in countries like Norway, Sweden, France and Germany but is allowed in Russia, Georgia, Ukraine, Thailand and certain states of the US. But in all these places there are laws to regulate surrogacy. In California State of the US, for example, the law requires that both the intended parents and the surrogate be represented by separate legal counsel. Besides, The draft Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill has been through the motions of discussion by stakeholders and a series of meetings have been held with all concerned.
However, in view of the "grave and critical” concerns raised by stakeholders, the Planning Commission has recommended substantive changes in the legislation and advised the ICMR against pushing the draft Bill till the process of consultations was satisfactorily concluded. Accordingly, the Centre will set up an expert committee for wider consultations on the draft Bill. The Planning Commission will coordinate the process of forming and facilitating this committee towards developing an efficient regulatory framework and legislation.
The decision came after a meeting on the issue chaired by Dr Syeda Hameed, Member, Planning Commission, and attended by representatives from the Planning Commission, Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, ICMR, Union Ministry of Law and Justice, the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR), and Office of the Registrar General of India, amongst others.
While health and women’s rights activists feel that the ART Draft Bill is designed to regularise and promote the interest of the providers (mainly the private sector) of these technologies rather than regulate and monitor the current practices.
The surrogacy industry, on the other hand, seeks to open up the market by removing any legal impediments in its smooth functioning. Dr Nayana Patel agrees with the need for regulation but says more bureaucracy will make it difficult for everyone. It will not only mean less commissioning parents from overseas but it will also impact surrogates, who will lose out on the only chance they have to change their lives for the better.”
Dr Rita Bakshi, chairperson of the International Fertility Centre in Delhi, feels that the strict norms of the proposed ART Bill will see the activity moving to more conducive destinations such as Thailand. She says there is no need for the law to be discriminatory towards unmarried foreigners when unmarried Indians are allowed this facility. "It is fair to expect that surrogacy should be allowed in the country of the commissioning couple because citizenship of the child becomes an issue otherwise. Other than this, many restrictions imposed are not encouraging for business. A majority of our clients are from foreign countries. To expect this sector to not have commercial interest is naive. Surrogacy is very expensive across the world,” she added.
"The surrogates in Anand have become empowered through giving this beautiful gift to others,’ says Dr Nayana Patel of Aakansha. Surrogates vouch that with the money thus earned, they have been able to buy a house, educate their children and even start a small business. These are things they could only dream of before. For them it is a win-win situation. Fertility clinics in Kolkata attract at least 50 patients on average every month. This is double that of 2011 and in the next two years is expected to touch a 100 each. The rush is spurred by cheap costs and a high success rate. Infertility treatment in Kolkata costs only a fifth of what it costs in the USA or UK but offers world-class infrastructure and facilities.
While a majority are NRIs, other overseas applicants are from USA, UK, Japan, Bangladesh, Israel and West Asia while there are a few Swiss and Nigerian nationals as well. Another city clinic has a waiting list of 70 foreign couples.
Besides the huge popularity it enjoys among childless couples across the world, India's surrogacy business has also led to a transformation of countless lives and families. True, there is a need to regulate the sector, but if the new law tightens rules as suggested by the Government, then it will clearly impact the industry and put off clients coming from overseas. Hopefully, the law-makers will consider the stakeholders’ interests in totality.
The CSR report
The Centre for Social Research (CSR), an advocacy group for human and other rights, in a report released in 2012, provides an insight into the rise of surrogacy in India, and the emergence of India as a popular destination for couples seeking surrogate mothers. The report, titled "Surrogacy Motherhood: Ethical or Commercial” is supposed to be based on a study conducted in Gujarat.
According to Manasi Mishra, head of research at CSR and the lead author of the report, "Cheap medical facilities, advanced reproductive technological know-how, coupled with poor socio-economic conditions, and a lack of regulatory laws in India, combines to make India an attractive option” for those seeking a child through surrogacy. The report says that there is a growing demand for "fair-skinned, educated young women” to become surrogate mothers for foreign couples. The average cost of surrogacy, according to this report, is around $10,000-30,000 (about Rs 6 lakh to Rs 18 lakh) which includes the remuneration of the surrogate mothers, IVF costs, foods and consumables, legal and doctors’ fees, delivery cost and antenatal care.
The report notes that even this cost is found to be "Extremely reasonable” by international medical tourists, thereby prompting more couples to seek such treatments in India. The report goes on to state the importance of passing the Artificial Reproductive Technology (2010) Bill soon, so that clear laws are in place, which will clarify the Indian government’s stand on surrogacy, and will prevent exploitation of women in the name of surrogacy. It talks about the need to provide adequate health care facilities to the surrogate mother, and providing the baby with all amenities, irrespective of the nationalities of the biological parents. The legislation should also cover the rights and duties of the commissioning parents, thus covering all three concerned parties within its ambit.
What does the law say?
Commercial surrogacy in India is legal. The availability of medical infrastructure and potential surrogates, combined with international demand, has boosted the growth of the industry. Surrogate mothers receive medical, nutritional and overall health care through surrogacy agreements.
The Union Government, on its part, has been planning to bring a Bill to monitor the services of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) clinics and banks to regulate surrogacy in the country. For this purpose, a draft Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill has been formulated and sent to Ministry of Law and Justice for concurrence. In March 2013, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare Ghulam Nabi Azad was quoted as saying that in order to monitor the services of ART clinics and banks to help regulate surrogacy, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has already framed guidelines for accreditation, supervision and regulation of ART clinics and banks. According to the government, there is need to ensure that medical, social and legal rights of all concerned were protected with maximum benefit to infertile couples or individuals within the recognised framework of ethics and good medical practices. The proposed piece of legislation also describes the procedure for accreditation and supervision of ART clinics and banks.
The ART Bill has been hanging fire since 2008 when the first draft was prepared. It was revised in 2010 but is yet to get a final approval from the Union Law Ministry following which it will go to the Cabinet for clearance. In earlier versions in 2008 and 2010, the ART Bill relied on contract law to establish a relationship between the commissioning parents and the clinic. In the current version, the Bill states that a professional surrogate will be hired by a government-recognized ART Bank and not private fertility clinics, the current practice.
According to reports, the draft surrogacy Bill also bars homosexuals, foreign single individuals and couples in live-in relationships from having children through surrogate mothers in India. It also imposes age restrictions on surrogate mothers.
However, R.S. Sharma, deputy director general and member secretary of the drafting committee of the proposed legislation, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), says there are several ethical and legal issues which the Bill has to address. According to him, the Health Ministry’s mandate is clear: This Bill is only to help infertile couples and should act as a deterrent to commercial surrogacy. That is why in its current form, the Bill addresses all issues pertaining to ethics in commercial surrogacy.
"The IVF (in-vitro fertilization) clinics or ART banks will have no role to play in this contract. Currently, IVF clinics decide the amount and pay the surrogate mother a portion. This could be exploitative and so we have changed this provision,” Sharma said. According to draft bill provisions, no woman less than 21 years of age and over 35 years can act as a surrogate mother. The bill also, for the first time, states conditions for foreign couples seeking to hire surrogates in India.
Under the draft, surrogacy is defined as "an arrangement in which a woman agrees to a pregnancy achieved through ART in which neither of the gametes (the egg or the sperm) belong to her or her husband, with the intention of carrying the pregnancy to term and hand over the child to the persons for whom she is acting as a surrogate.”
As per the Bill, all expenses of the surrogate mother would have to borne by the infertile couple, including her insurance. A surrogate, before being hired, has to be medically tested for sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS to ensure she does not pass on the infection to the child.
To streamline financial commitments between the infertile couple and the surrogate mother, the draft bill says a surrogate mother has the right to terminate her pregnancy at any time but if she does so without medical reasons, she will have to reimburse the cost to the infertile couple which has hired her. If, however, the pregnancy has been terminated for medical reasons, no reimbursement would be needed. Also by law, a surrogate mother would have to relinquish all parental rights over the child born out of the arrangement.
The draft bill adds that a surrogate cannot undergo embryo transfer for more than three times for the same couple. This provision aims to prevent commercialization of the service.
INSTAR proposed Self Regulation
INSTAR is India’s first research oriented association of Third Party Reproduction in India with ethics, empower and research being its motto. Keeping in mind the welfare of surrogates, the Association recommends the following:
1) A minimum compensation of 2.25 lakhs for surrogate mothers irrespective of state/ city
2) Full compensation after 28 weeks irrespective of the outcome of pregnancy.
3) Post delivery care for 6 months free of cost in relation to pregnancy.
4) Post miscarriage care for 3 months free of cost and compensation for next month of pregnancy and all medical expenses paid in case if miscarriage.
5) Recommendations in case of unfortunate events like ectopic pregnancy/ hysterectomy or rarest case of death
6) Recommendations for Contracts: Local language is a must.
7) Condemns discrimination of girl child and follow the PCPNDT Act strictly.
8) Local Guardian nomination is a must.
9) Providing Life Insurance to surrogate mothers.
Team IVF India travelled to different centres, pan India, engaged in Third Party Reproduction to review the status of surrogates. We profile five such amazing mothers and their reasons for becoming surrogates...
MEET Seema*, Kiran Infertility Centre, Hyderabad
Seema responded to an advertisement seeking surrogates in a local paper and her life changed thereafter. It offered her an opportunity to secure her children’s future which was not possible in the financial situation she was in.
She discussed the whole thing in detail with her husband, parents and even her brother and with their blessings decided to submit herself at the centre. She is carrying a child and is well taken care of. She is happy not only because of the present but mainly because she is securing the future of her children. She feels that more women should agree to become surrog
* Name changed
MEET Neetu, Surrogacy Centre India, New Delhi
Neetu, 34, came to know about the possibility of becoming a surrogate through a friend who herself had been a surrogate. She told Neetu the pros and cons of becoming a surrogate mother.
Hailing from Dehradun and settled in Delhi with two children Neetu’s life was no bed of roses. Her husband a driver earned Rs 8000 per month, which after taking care of rent, food, electricity, school fees and other essentials was hardly enough to plan for a secure future. For Neetu the possibility of earning Rs 2.5 lacs in a lump sum was too good to be true.
The discomfort of being pregnant for someone else faded as she discussed the possibility with her husband who agreed after much convincing, and Neetu became a surrogate mother for the first time in 2012.
She stayed at the Centre’s surrogate home, away from the prying eyes of neighbours for the entire duration of her pregnancy. "It was very comfortable and my every need was taken care of,” she says. "My sons came to visit me often and we were also paid a stiped every month, which supplemented my husband’s salary.” She invested her money in a plot of land in Dehradun which she could not have been able to afford otherwise. She wants to become a surrogate again. "So that I can build my home, on my land,” she says with a twinkle in her eye.
MEET Savita, Akanksha Infertility Clinic , Anand
"I came know about this facility through my sister in laws daughter who became a surrogate and delivered two babies. She suggested this to my sister in law, but her age being more than required and her health not being good, she suggested this to me as she knew about my financial condition. I discussed it with my husband who agreed after sometime.”
I fought all odds and came for the test. I needed money by all means and so I started taking medication. The payment was Rs. 3.5 lacs and the monthly remuneration Rs. 3000 I have three children, the eldest of them is my daughter who studies in the 11th grade, another daughter studies in 6th, and my youngest son studies in 3rd standard. I got married when I was 15.
We will be able to make a house with Rs. 1 lac in the village. I am going to get my daughter married off the next year and so will use the remaining amount for her wedding.
My daughter wants to study further, but we do not have any money to support advanced studies. If by Gods grace I am able to deliver twins, and if the couple for whom I am bearing a baby, pay me well, I will educate her so that she can earn her livelihood.
Thousands of families have become happy due to the initiative of Dr. Patel. Those who wanted babies, got babies, those who wanted money have got money. We are given a hygienic place to stay, clean environment, there is a doctor and maids at out assistance 24/7, we are served home cooked food which is full of nutrition, fruits and salads too, which we never had at home.
A woman like me whose husband doesn’t earn enough, who doesn’t have a house to stay, who has three children to take care of would have committed suicide by now. There were many who criticized me on taking this step, people still talk behind my back, but has anyone come to me and said that he/she will take care of my kids, or give us a place to stay. I have come here for my children, and I know what I am doing is right. I fear no one now.”
MEET Hansa, Pahlajani Test Tube baby Centre , Raipur
"I read an interview about a surrogate child when I was in Ahmedabad, I contacted the doctor and came here and conceived for the first time two years ago. This is my second pregnancy as a surrogate.”
Hansa is a mother of two biological children. Her husband left her for another woman some years ago. She lives alone in Ahmedabad with her children. She was working in a canteen, desperately trying to make ends meet before becoming a surrogate.
From the money she got from her first surrogate pregnancy she managed to buy a small house in Ahmedabad and is educating her children. For her it was a dream come true as with the limited resources she had, a house was an impossibility. She wants to save the money she gets now for her daughters marriage.
"I love my children dearly and whenever I think of them I take extra care for the child in my womb.”
Her children know and understand what she does and have no complaints. "The biggest satisfaction in becoming a surrogate is the happiness I give to someone who cannot have a child. It is their blessings which have changed my life completely.”