Infertility is the inability of a person, animal or plant to reproduce by natural means. In humans, infertility may describe a woman who is unable to conceive as well as being unable to carry a pregnancy to full term. There are many biological and other causes of infertility, including some that medical intervention can treat. Infertility rates have increased by 4% since the 1980s, mostly from problems with fecundity due to an increase in age. About 40% of the issues involved with infertility are due to the man, another 40% due to the woman, and 20% result from complications with both partners.
The World Health Organization defines infertility as follows:
Infertility is "a disease of the reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse (and there is no other reason, such as breastfeeding or postpartum amenorrhoea). Primary infertility is infertility in a couple who have never had a child. Secondary infertility is failure to conceive following a previous pregnancy. Infertility may be caused by infection in the man or woman, but often there is no obvious underlying cause.
Some estimates suggest that worldwide "between three and seven per cent of all couples or women have an unresolved problem of infertility. Fertility problems affect one in seven couples in the UK, approximately 10% of couples in Sweden, 1.5 million women in USA and over 20 million in India. It is, as some experts opine reaching epidemic proportions.. The consequences of infertility are manifold and can include societal repercussions and personal suffering. Advances in assisted reproductive technologies, such as IVF, can offer hope to many couples where treatment is available, although barriers exist in terms of medical coverage and affordability.
Infertility may have profound psychological effects. Partners may become more anxious to conceive, increasing sexual dysfunction. Marital discord often develops in infertile couples, especially when they are under pressure to make medical decisions. Women trying to conceive often have clinical depression rates similar to women who have heart disease or cancer. Even couples undertaking IVF face considerable stress.
The emotional losses created by infertility include the denial of motherhood as a rite of passage; the loss of one’s anticipated and imagined life; feeling a loss of control over one’s life; doubting one’s womanhood; changed and sometimes lost friendships; and, for many, the loss of one’s religious environment as a support system. Emotional stress and marital difficulties are greater in couples where the infertility lies with the man.
Launched in 2012, IVF India is a unique magazine which addresses the needs of an infertile couple. It contains articles on topics ranging from infertility to relationships along with features on IVF Centres.
The internet today offers an abundance of treatment options for infertile couples. There are many IVF Centres’ vying for your attention, each promising more than the other. While the free knowledge the internet provides is welcome, it is not without its pitfalls. All treatment options available on internet may not be what they claim. IVF India however rates each IVF Centre, vets its credentials before featuring them. Each IVF Centre is evaluated on the parameters of Doctor’s qualification and availability, infrastructure and equipments, facilities and services, ethical practices, success rates and patient satisfaction. Your chances, therefore, of finding the right IVF Centre with IVF India is higher than playing Russian roulette on the internet.